Education System in the Czech Republic


 EducationSchool/LevelGradesAgeYearsNotes
PrimaryZákladní škola 1–96–159Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení (General Education Final Report). Two stages: Primary Education (1-5) and Lower Secondary Education (6-9).
SecondaryGymnázium6–1311–194–8Represents admission after 5th year of základní škola. Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination).
SecondaryGymnázium8–1313–196Represents admission after 7th year of základní škola. Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination).
SecondaryGymnázium10–1315–194Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination)
SecondaryKonzervatoře6–1311–198Dance Education. Represents admission after 5th year of základní škola. Grades 10-11 = Secondary Education. Grades 12-13 = Higher Education. Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination) + Vysvědčení o absolutoriu (Absolutorium)
SecondaryKonzervatoře10–1515–216Music, Singing, Drama Education. Represents admission after completion of základní škola (Grade 9). Years 14-15 = Higher Education. Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination) + Vysvědčení o absolutoriu (Absolutorium)
VocationalStřední odborné učiliště 10–1115–172–32-3 Years. Leaving Credential: Výuční list (Apprenticeship Certificate)
VocationalStředni odborné učiliště10–1215–183Leaving Credential: Výuční list (Apprenticeship Certificate)
VocationalStředni odborné učiliště10–1315–194Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination)
VocationalStřední odborná škola 10–1315–194Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce (Certificate of Maturity Examination)
TertiaryVyšší odborné školy14–1633.5 years in medical fields. Leaving Credential: Vysvědčení o absolutoriu (Absolutorium) + Diplom absolventa vyšší odborné školy (Diploma). Graduates are granted the title of diplomovaný specialista (DiS).
TertiaryBakalářské programy 14–163–43-4 Years. Leaving Credential: bakalář (Bc.) or bakalář umění (BcA.) for graduates of art school.
TertiaryMagisterské programy1–31-3 Years. Leaving Credential: Mgr. – Master (magistr), MgA. – Master of Arts (magistr umění), Ing. – Master (inženýr)
TertiaryMagisterské programy5 
TertiaryTertiary 
TertiaryDoktorské studium19–213–43-4 Years

Primary Education

Education in the Czech Republic is compulsory from age 6 to age 15, and the first phase of this takes place at primary school. The curriculum is general academic. At the end of the period a primary school leaving certificate is awarded.

Middle Education

The second and final phase of basic school education takes place at general school or gymnásium which takes a further 4 years. The general academic curriculum continues. Upon completion a vysvědčení certificate is awarded.

Secondary Education

There are 2 main types of secondary schools in the Czech Republic, namely general and technical ones. The 1st category prepares students for university education. The 2nd is more technically focused. Both 6 year programs complete with a maturitní zkouška / maturita.



Vocational Education

As an alternative, students may attend secondary vocational / technical school instead for 3 to 4 years, where they may acquire specific professional skills. Depending on the nature of the program, they may be rewarded with a výuční list, after 3 years, or a vysvědčení o maturitní zkoušce after 4.

Tertiary Education

Czech Republic EducationThere are 3 tiers of tertiary education available in the Czech Republic. These are professional schools providing diplomas, non-university higher education institutions presenting undergraduate courses, and research universities educating through to doctoral level.

Charles University in Prague is by far the oldest and most venerable, having been founded in 1348 as the first university in Central Europe. Its faculties include theology, law, medicine, arts & philosophy, science, mathematics & physics, education, social sciences, humanities, and physical education & sport.


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