Education System in Venezuela

Primary Education

In Venezuela, the first 9 years of education are compulsory and the school year extends from September through to June / July. 95% of citizens are literate and more than 92% of children attend primary school. Many attend preschool too, before enrolling for 6 primary grades through to age 11. There is little academic standardization beyond the maths curriculum.

Middle Education

Prior to reforms in 2009, after receiving their basic education certificate, pupils move on to middle school to complete their mandatory education comprising 3 more grades. Around age 14 / 15 while  in 9th grade they must choose between following either humanities or sciences under the nation’s 2-year diversified education policy.

Secondary Education

Since 2010, education follows the 6+5 structure with 5 years of secondary education. Upon completion, students receive the title of either Bachiller en Ciencias or Bachiller en Humanidades. Some schools include professional education too, in which case their certificate reads Técnico en Ciencias (Science Technician).

Vocational Education

A steadily growing industrial economy has demanded a re-think in the national education strategy, and an increasing number of young people continue their professional education at a range of technical schools. There they are presented with self-improvement opportunities ranging from short courses through to full-blown trade qualifications.

Tertiary Education

Venezuela EducationThere are almost 100 institutions of higher education in Venezuela with a million students enrolled at them for free. Technical institutes produce licenciate technicians after 3 years of training, while university students take 5 years to graduate. Thereafter masters and doctorate courses may be followed. 

The largest tertiary institution is the Central University of Venezuela that was founded in 1721 and is one of the oldest in the western hemisphere. The main campus illustrated here was declared a world heritage site in 2000.

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