Education System in Chad
|Primary||Primary School||6||6||1st level: cours préparatoire 1 (CP1) 2nd level: cours préparatoire 2 (CP2) 3rd level: cours élémentaire 1 (CE1) 4th level: cours élémentaire 2 (CE2) 5th level: cours moyen 1(CM1) 6th level: cours moyen 2 (CM2) Certificate/Diploma awarded: Certificat d'Etudes Elémentaire et Primaire Tchadien (C.E.P.E.)|
|Secondary||Secondary||12–19||7||lycées and collčges d'Enseignement Généraux (C.E.G.) Lycées include a lower division (premier cycle) with 4 levels and a higher division (second cycle) with 3 levels. CEG's only have four levels. Certificate/Diploma awarded: Baccalaureat de l'Enseignement Supérieur|
|Secondary||lycée technique commerciale /lycée technique industriel||16–19||3||These institutions only have a higher division (seconde to terminale)|
|Post-secondary||Higher Technician Certificate||2||Brevet de Technicien Supérieur|
|Tertiary||University First Cycle||4||Licence|
|Tertiary||University Second Cycle||1–2||Maîtrise (Master)|
|Tertiary||University Third Cycle||3||Doctorate (PhD)|
Most children enter the education system for the first time at age 6 in urban areas (or age 7 in the countryside) where they study for 6 years. Although in theory these and the 3 years that might follow should be free, in practice parents pay school fees and teacher’s salaries too. At the end of primary school the examination for the Certificat d'Etudes Primaires determines whether students are promoted to secondary school, or go to technical or vocational school instead.
The relatively small number of Chad children who enter secondary school are still far more likely to be boys than girls. After the first 3 of 6 years the state subsidies fall away. Those students who remain on and achieve their secondary school leaving certificate are thus more likely to be sons and daughters of wealthier city dwellers.
Primary school graduates who are not accepted at secondary schools can study in a variety of manual or technical fields at vocational institutions. After 6 years the successful ones are rewarded with a Certificat d'Aptitude Professionelle.
The University of N'Djamena (previously known as the University of Chad) was established in 1971 and is the nation’s leading tertiary provider. It has faculties of exact & applied sciences, business & economics, literature & humanities, health, and humanities. Bachelors and masters degrees, and doctorates are offered.
These qualifications are recognized by UNESCO’s International Association of Universities, the African Association of Universities, and the Association Universitaire de la Francophonie.