Education System in Benin


 EducationSchool/LevelGradesAgeYearsNotes
PrimaryPrimary School 6–116 
MiddleJunior High 12–154 
SecondarySenior High16–183The educational system of Benin uses the 6-4-3-3-4 system
Post-secondaryUniversity Diploma of Technology2 
TertiaryUniversity Diploma19–202Diplôme Universitaire d’Etudies Littéraires/DUEL(University Diploma Literary Studies) / Diplôme Universitaire d’Etudies Scientifiques/DUES (University Diploma of Scientific Studies) / Diplôme d’Etudes Universitaires Générales/DEUG (University Diploma of General Studies)
TertiaryLicence1 
TertiaryMaster 1 
TertiaryThird Cycle1Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondies/DEA(Diploma of Advanced Studies), Diplôme d’Etudes Supérieures Spécialisées/DESS (Diploma of Higher Specialized Studies)

Primary Education

There are no school fees in Benin any longer. The education program adheres to the French model of 6-4-3, and is compulsory from age 6 through to age 11. This period is spent at primary school where children receive their foundation education.

Middle Education

The following 4 years are spent at middle school where a general academic curriculum continues. At the end of this period, students write their brevet d’etudes du premier cycle examination which is the equivalent of O-levels.

Secondary Education

Students who wish to pursue their academic options further proceed to senior high school for a another 3 years. After that, they still have to pass their baccalaureat examination which is the key to the doors of university. If they prefer, they may go to one of 5 vocational schools spread across 12 provinces instead.

Vocational Education

Benin has reformed its vocational training system in line with urban demand for skilled labor. Notable among its strategies is a dual apprenticeship system, where theoretical education alternates with practical apprenticeship training.

Tertiary Education

Benin EducationLower order tertiary institutions in Benin include a school of applied economics & management, a national school of administration & prosecutor training, a polytechnic, a teachers’ training school and several others. These are clustered in urban areas in wealthier provinces, and are largely inaccessible to the nation's poorer youth.

There are 2 universities, of which the National University of Benin illustrated here is the more prestigious. It was established in 1970 originally as the Université du Dahomey, and has 19 institutions and 6 campuses.


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