Education System in Pakistan


 EducationSchool/LevelGrade FromGrade ToAge FromAge ToYearsNotes
PrimaryPrimary 18614  
SecondarySecondary91214184 
TertiaryBachelors Pass    2Being phased out for Honours program only.
TertiaryBachelor's degree (Pass/Honours)    2 
TertiaryProfessional Bachelor's degreee1316  4engineering, medicine, vetrinary medicine, law, agriculture, architecture, nursing
TertiaryBachelor of Technology    4students must first earn a Diploma of Associate Engineer (a 3-year course)
TertiaryMaster's degree    1Arts, science, commerce, business, public administration, management, fine arts, education, etc requiring 2-year Bachelor's (Pass) degree for admission
TertiaryMaster's Degree Post-honours    1Business, engineering, computer science, IT, fine arts, etc requiring 4-year Bachelor's (Honours) degree for admission
TertiaryDoctoral Degree1924  3 

Primary Education

In Pakistan, the education system adopted from colonial authorities has been described as one of the most underdeveloped in the world. Barely 60% of children complete grades 1 to 5 at primary school, despite three years of play group, nursery and kindergarten pre-school to prepare them.

Middle Education

Middle school follows with grades 6 to 8. Single-sex education is still preferred in rural areas. Subjects include Urdu, English, arts, Islamic studies, maths, science, social studies, and computer science where equipment is available.

Secondary Education

Senior school covers grades 9 to 12 with annual examinations. On completion of grade 10, pupils may qualify for a secondary school certificate. If they wish to, they may proceed further to grade 12, following which they sit a final examination for their higher secondary school certificate. During this time, they opt for one of several streams that include pre-medical, pre-engineering, humanities / social sciences and commerce.

Vocational Education

Vocational education is controlled by the Pakistani Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority. This body strives to re-engineer the process in line with national priorities, while raising tutoring and examination standards too.

Tertiary Education

Around 8% of Pakistanis have tertiary qualifications although the government would like to increase this to 20% by 2020. Entry is via a Pakistan Educationhigher secondary school certificate that provides access to bachelor degrees in disciplines such as architecture, engineering, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy and nursing. 

A pass requires just 2 years of study, and an honors degree 4. For the initial period the curriculum is a mixture of compulsory subjects and specializations. After that, students specialize completely. Thereafter, they may continue with more advanced study as they wish. Some institutions like Lahore Pakistan University are ancient. Others are modern.


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