Education System in Ghana


 EducationSchool/LevelGrade FromGrade ToAge FromAge ToYearsNotes
PrimaryPrimary School    6Ghana operates on a 6-3-4-4 System
MiddleJunior High School     3Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) at the end of JHS
SecondarySenior High School     4Admission to Senior High School is competitive. West African Senior Secondary Certificate Examination, or WASSCE, (SSCE through 2005; WASSCE beginning in 2006) at the end of the Senior High School. Examinations are given nationwide in May-June each year.
Post-secondaryProfessional Health Sciences    6Medicine and Dentistry degrees
TertiaryFirst Level- Diplomas/Certificates    2Diplomas/Certificates
TertiaryHigher National Diploma    3Higher National Diploma Teacher/Nursing Training
TertiaryBachelor's    4Seven public universities and twenty-one private institutions are also accredited by the National Accreditation Board (www.nab.gov.gh) to award Bachelor’s degrees. Over 20,000 Ghanaian students apply to the universities in the USA every year.
TertiaryMaster's    1Master's Diploma (1 to 2 years)
TertiaryPh.D.    2Ph.D., 2 or more years

Primary Education

Life sometimes goes at a leisurely pace in Africa, and school education can take up to 20 years to complete. For this reason is it fortunate that it is free unless more fortunate parents enroll their kids at private schools. Around age six or children enter primary school to complete their first 6 grades.

Middle Education

Junior high school occupies them for the next three years. Subjects forming their curriculum include a Ghanaian language, basic designing and technology, english, french, information technology, integrated science, maths, social studies and moral education. Unfortunately private junior high schools are better endowed and provide better educated scholars.

Secondary Education

A successful pass admits students to senior high school where surprisingly enough most institutions are state owned. The compulsory 3 year program includes english, maths, science, social studies and physical education. In addition to that, they also elect to specialize in agriculture, business, general arts, or science.

Vocational Education

Recent changes to vocational training programs are designed to ensure that from age 16 onwards students are given opportunities to train in various professions. New schools are being built and additional courses rolled out.

Tertiary Education

Ghana EducationPost-secondary education in Ghana commonly takes 4 years to complete. The best students continue with nominally free education at a state university while others have to pay for education at a private one. A range of post-graduate study is available too.

The University of Ghana was established in 1948 by the colonial authority as the University College of the Gold Coast. There students study for traditional degrees as well as technology-based training and vocational courses.


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